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I have some Puffin/Pelican/other Bird Name books, are these published by Penguin?

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The quick answer:
Generally anything with the word Penguin, Puffin or Pelican is a book published by Penguin; there are several different series within each of these brands. In addition the names Porpoise, Ptarmigan and Peregrine are also published by Penguin.

The slow answer:
Penguin books have published under many different banners, some of which were developed in-house and some which were bought, like the 2002 purchase of the Rough Guide books. The in-house developed series tend to keep the bird theme and while there is much to be applauded in the more recent publications, the Society’s interest naturally tends towards the early series and the early to mid twentieth-century book design.

In the first 30 years of Penguin books, there were 80 different series, and as well as official Penguin publications there is a large amount of ephemera connected to both Penguin Books and the Lane brothers. This is, therefore, not an exhaustive list of these early Penguin Series, but it does contain the best known series and is a good place to start in order to begin to understand the wide-ranging focus of Penguin publications and find out if the books you own are published by Penguin. The letter codes used here are those developed and used by Penguin for the different series they published.

Series Code Series Names Information
  Main Series Fiction: the first 10 books were published on 30 July 1935. The covers were colour coded by genre.
A Pelican Books Non-Fiction: the first Pelican was published in 1937.
AB    
AP    
AU    
B Penguin Shakespeare Drama: 37 volumes published between 1937 and 1959 containing the complete works of Shakespeare.
BE    
BP Baby Puffin Books Children: 9 books published for very young children between 1943 and 1948.
C    
D    
E    
E    
F    
G    
H    
J Porpoise Books Children: 4 hardback books published in 1948.
L    
K King Penguin Books Non-Fiction: 76 colour illustrated hardback books published between 1939 and 1959.
MP    
NP    
NS    
PA    
PC Puffin Cut-Out Books Children: a small number of cut-out model-making books published between 1947 and 1953. Unusual to find 'uncut'.
PD    
PE    
PH    
PK    
PP Puffin Picture Books Children: Penguin’s first children’s series, 120 larger-format titles published between 1940 and 1965.
PR    
PS Puffin Story Books Children Fiction: Penguin’s main series for children first published in 1941.
PSL/SL    
PT Ptarmigan Books Children: a series of 9 books containing games, quizzes and puzzles published between 1945 and 1947.
PX    
Q Miscellaneous Non-Fiction: a mix of books that did not belong anywhere else, first published in 1942.
R    
S    
SE    
SH    
V    
WA    
X    
Y Peregrine Books Education: academic books, published between 1962 and 1989.
Z Pelican History of Art Non-Fiction: originally large, hardbacks with dustwrappers and, initially, cardboard slip-cases; later reissued in paperback; first published in 1953.